Bobbex Deer Repellent And Plant Nutrient is a foliar spray containing commonplace materials and recycled ingredients. Apply directly on the surface of foliage to repel white tail deer, black tail deer, mule deer, elk and moose. Environmentally compatible and harmless to all wildlife including fish, pets, humans, birds, insects, etc. Can be sprayed on any ornamental including flowering shrubbery. Will leave a slight visible residue to let the homeowner know it remains on the plant and is working to prevent deer damage. Long lasting, non-burning and will not wash off in rain. Helps protect your plantings from reduced moisture content during periods of water reduced weather conditions. Also reduces damage from a late spring or early fall frost. Active ingredients: organic protein and fiber. 32 oz. RTU spray bottle; 32 oz. concentrate bottle makes up to 2.5 gal. of mixture; 48 oz. RTU pump sprayer; 64 oz. concentrate bottle makes up to 4.5 gal. of mixture; 128 oz. RTU refill bottle.